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台北醫學大學附設醫院 骨科教授
 
E mail: afachen@doctor.com
 
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謝謝

 
 

目錄Index
 
第1章 膝關節Knee

 
1-0 基礎概論Basic science
 
1-1 半月板Meniscus
 
1-1-1 半月板破裂Meniscus tear
1-1-2 半月板囊腫Meniscus cyst
1-1-3 盤狀半月板Discoid meniscus
1-1-4 半月板切除後關節炎Post-menisectomy osteoarthritis
 
1-2 骨頭及軟骨Bone & carti1lage
 
1-2-1 骨折 Fracture
1-2-2 分離性骨軟骨炎 Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD)
1-2-3 關節軟骨傷害 Chondral injury
1-2-4 關節骨軟骨傷害 Osteochondral injury
1-2-5 退化性膝關節炎 Knee osteoarthritis (OA)
1-2-6 膝關節缺血性壞死 Knee osteonecrosis (ON)
1-2-7 骨腫瘤 Bone tumor
1-2-8 膝關節反射交感性失養症Reflex sympathetic dystrophy of knee (RSD)

1-3 滑膜Synovium

 
1-3-1 色素性絨毛結節狀滑膜炎Pigmented villonodular synovitis(PVS)
1-3-2 滑膜軟骨增生症Synovial chondromatosis
1-3-3 滑膜皺襞症候群Synovial plica syndrome
1-3-4 類風濕性關節炎Rheumatoid arthritis(RA)
1-3-5 細菌性關節炎Septic arthritis
1-3-6 痛風性關節炎Gouty arthritis
 
1-4 韌帶Ligaments
 
1-4-1 前十字韌帶傷害Anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) injury
1-4-2 後十字韌帶傷害Posterior cruciate ligament(PCL) injury
1-4-3 內側側韌帶傷害Medial collateral ligament(MCL) injury
1-4-4 外側側韌帶傷害Lateral collateral ligament(LCL) injury
1-4-5 後外側結構區傷害Posterolateral complex(PL) injury
1-4-6 膝關節脫臼及多重韌帶傷害Knee dislocation and multiple ligaments injury
 
1-5 前膝部及髕骨股骨關節Anterior Knee and patellofemoral joint
 
1-5-1 髕骨脫臼Patellar dislocation
1-5-2 髕骨股骨關節炎Patellofemoral osteoarthritis
1-5-3 前側脂肪墊症候群Anterior fat pad syndrome
1-5-4 外側髕骨壓迫症候群Lateral patellar compression syndrome
1-5-5 髕骨股骨關節不穩定Patellofemoral instability
1-5-6 髕骨軟骨軟化症Chondromalacia patella
1-5-7 髕骨高位及低位Patellar alta and baja
1-5-8 髕骨股骨關節疼痛症候群Patellofemoral pain syndrome
 
1-6 肌肉及肌腱Muscle & Tendon
 
1-6-1 股四頭肌腱斷裂Quadriceps rupture
1-6-2 髕骨肌腱斷裂Patellar tendon rupture
1-6-3 髕骨肌腱炎Patellar tendinitis
1-6-4 股四頭肌腱炎Quadriceps tendinitis
1-6-5 髕骨前黏液囊炎Prepatellar bursitis
1-6-6 髂脛束磨擦症候群Iliotibial band friction syndrome
1-6-7 半膜肌腱炎Semimembranosus tendinitis
1-6-8 髕骨周圍肌腱炎Peripatellar tendinitis
1-6-9 鵝足黏液囊炎 Pes anserine bursitis
1-6-10 貝克氏囊種 Baker’s cyst
 
1-7 兒童及青少年膝關節問題Children and adolescent knee disease
 
1-7-1 生長板傷害Physeal injury
1-7-2 骨折Fracture
1-7-3 髕骨二分症Bipartite patella
1-7-4 奧斯古-許拉特疾病Osgood-Schlatter Disease
1-7-5 辛汀-拉森-喬哈森疾病Sinding-Larson-Johansson Disease
1-7-6 兒童韌帶傷害Ligament injury in children
 
第2章 肩部Shoulder
 
2-0 基礎概論Basic science

2-1 肩關節不穩定Shoulder instability

2-1-1 肩關節向前不穩定Anterior shoulder instability
2-1-2 肩關節向後不穩定Posterior shoulder instability
2-1-3 肩關節多向不穩定Multi-directional shoulder instability
2-1-4 肩關節脫臼 Shoulder dislocation

2-2 肩部旋轉袖肌疾病Shoulder rotator cuff disease

2-2-1 肩峰下夾擊症候群Subacromial impingement syndrome
2-2-2 旋轉袖肌破裂Rotator cuff tear
2-2-3 喙突下夾擊症候群Subcoracoid impingement syndrome
2-2-4 旋轉袖肌巨大破裂Massive rotator cuff tear
2-2-5 鈣化性肌腱炎 Calcific tendinitis
2-2-6 內部夾擊 Internal impingement
2-2-7 旋轉袖肌關節病變Rotator cuff arthropathy
2-2-8 棘上肌部分關節內扯離 PASTA lesion
2-2-9 肩胛下肌腱破裂 Subscapularis tendon tear

2-3 肱二頭肌腱Biceps tendon

2-3-1 肱二頭肌腱炎Biceps tendinitis
2-3-2 肱二頭肌腱半脫位及脫位Biceps tendon subluxation and dislocation
2-3-3 上盂唇前後病變Superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesion
2-3-4 肱二頭肌腱斷裂Biceps long head tendon rupture

2-4 骨頭及軟骨Bone and Cartilage

2-4-1 骨折Fracture
2-4-2 肩關節退化性關節炎Glenohumeral osteoarthritis
2-4-3 類風濕性關節炎 Rheumatoid arthritis
2-4-4 肱骨頭缺血性壞死 Humeral head osteonecrosis

2-5 肩峰鎖骨及胸骨鎖骨關節Acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints

2-5-1 肩峰鎖骨關節脫臼Acromioclavicular disloction
2-5-2 肩峰鎖骨退化性關節炎Acromioclavicular osteoarthritis
2-5-3 末端鎖骨溶骨症Distal clavicle osteolysis
2-5-4 胸骨鎖骨關節脫臼Sternoclavicular dislocation

2-6 肌肉,肌腱及軟組織Muscle, tendon, and soft tissue

2-6-1 胸大肌撕裂Pectoralis major muscle tear
2-6-2 三角肌撕裂Deltoid muscle tear
2-6-3 肱三頭肌撕裂Triceps muscle tear
2-6-4 彈響肩 Snapping scapular

2-7發炎性肩部疾病Inflammatory shoulder disease
 
2-7-1 冰凍肩Frozen shoulder
2-7-2 次發性肩關節僵硬Secondary stiff shoulder
2-7-3 細菌性關節炎Septic arthritis

2-8 神經Nerve

2-8-1 長胸神經痲痺Long thoracic nerve palsy
2-8-2 上肩胛神經壓迫Suprascapular nerve compression
2-8-3 副脊椎神經痲痺Spinal accessory nerve palsy
2-8-4 臂神經叢傷害Brachial plexus injury
2-8-5 胸廓出口症候群Thoracic outlet syndrome
2-8-6 腋神經傷害Axillary nerve injury
2-8-7 肌皮神經傷害Musculocutaneous nerve injury
 
第3章 骨盆,髖部及大腿Pelvis, Hip and Thigh
 
3-0 基礎概論Basic science
 
3-1 骨頭及軟骨Bone & Cartilage
 
3-1-1 骨盆:腸骨棘挫傷Pelvis:Iliac crest contusion
3-1-2 骨盆:恥骨縫合炎Pelvis:Osteitis pubis
3-1-3 髖部:壓力性骨折Hip:Stress fracture
3-1-4 髖部:外傷性半脫位Hip:Traumatic subluxation
3-1-5 髖部:缺血性壞死Hip: osteonecrosis(ON)
3-1-6 髖部:退化性關節炎Hip: osteoarthritis(OA)
3-1-7 髖部:剝離性骨折Hip:Avulsion fracture
3-1-8 骨折Fracture
 
3-2 肌肉,肌腱及軟組織Muscle, tendon, and Soft tissue
 
3-2-1 骨盆:腸骨黏液囊炎及拉傷Pelvis:Iliopsoas bursitis and strain
3-2-2 骨盆:坐骨黏液囊炎Pelvis:Ischial bursitis
3-2-3 骨盆:腸骨黏液囊炎Pelvis:Iliopectineal bursitis
3-2-4 髖部:鼠蹊部挫傷Hip:Groin contusion (iliopsoas strain)
3-2-5 髖部:大轉子肌囊炎Hip:Greater trochanter bursitis (snapping iliotibial band syndrome)
3-2-6 大腿:股四頭肌挫傷Thigh:Quadriceps contusion
3-2-7 大腿:腿後肌拉傷Thigh:Hamstring strain
3-2-8 大腿:內收肌拉傷Thigh:Adductor strain
3-2-9 大腿:股四頭肌拉傷Thigh:Quadriceps strain
3-2-10 彈簧腿Snapping hip
 
3-3 神經Nerve
 
3-3-1 週圍神經嵌制Peripheral nerve entrapment
 
3-4 關節滑膜Synovium
 
3-4-1 髖關節滑膜軟骨増生 Hip synovial chondromatosis
3-4-2 盂唇傷害 Labrum injury
3-4-3 關節炎 Arthritis
 
第4章 小腿,踝部 及腳部,Leg, Ankle, and Foot
 
4-0 基礎概論Basic science
 
4-1 腔室Compartment
 
4-1-1 小腿:慢性使力性腔室症候群Leg:Chronic exertional compartment syndrome
 
4-2 骨及軟骨Bone & Cartilage
 
4-2-1 踝部:壓力性骨折Ankle:Stress fracture
4-2-2 踝部:跟骨分離性骨軟骨炎及骨折Ankle:Osteochondritis and osteochondral fracture of talus
4-2-3 踝部:前側跟骨衝撞症候群Ankle:Anterior talar impingement syndrome (Tibiotalar spur)
4-2-4 踝部:前外側關節滑膜衝撞症候群Ankle:Anterolateral synovial impingement syndrome
4-2-5 小腿踝足部:骨折 Leg, ankle, foot:Fracture
4-2-6 踝部:退化性關節炎Ankle:osteoarthritis(OA)
4-2-7 腳部:彿萊堡氏骨缺血症Foot:Frieberg infarction
4-2-8 腳部:後側跟骨壓迫症候群Foot:Posterior talar compression syndrome (Os trigonium, Stiel’s process)
4-2-9 足部:副舟狀骨症候群 Accessory Navicular syndrome
 
4-3 肌肉,肌腱及軟組織Muscle, tendon, and Soft tissue
 
4-3-1 小腿:腓腸肌及比目魚肌拉傷Leg:Gastrocnemius-soleus strain
4-3-2 小腿:骨膜發炎Leg:Shin splints
4-3-3 踝部:後脛骨肌腱炎Posterior tibialis tendinitis
4-3-4 踝部:腓骨肌腱脫位及半脫位Ankle:Peroneal tendon subluxation/dislocation
4-3-5 踝部:腓骨肌腱炎,肌腱滑膜炎Ankle:Peroneal tendon tendinitis, tenosynovitis
4-3-6 踝部:後脛骨肌腱斷裂Ankle:Posterior tibialis tendon rupture
4-3-7 腳部:脛骨前肌腱撕裂Foot:Anterior tibial tendon tear
4-3-8 腳部:跟骨肌腱斷裂Foot:Achilles tendon rupture
4-3-9 腳部:跟骨肌腱炎Foot:Achilles tendinitis
 
4-4 神經Nerve
 
4-4-1 周邊神經嵌制Peripheral nerve entrapment
4-4-2 跗骨隧道症候群(脛骨神經)Tarsal tunnel syndrome (tibial nerve)
4-4-3 腳部:跑步者足(內腳掌神經)Foot:Jogger’s foot (medial plantar nerve)
4-4-4 腳部:摩頓氏神經瘤(趾間神經)Foot:Morton neuroma (interdigital nerve)
 
4-5 踝關節不穩定Ankle instability
 
4-5-1 腳踝扭傷Ankle sprain
4-5-2 慢性外側踝關節不穩定Chronic lateral ankle instability
4-5-3 末端脛腓骨連合處傷害Syndesmotic injury
4-5-4 距骨下關節不穩定Subtalar instability
 
4-6 跟部Heel
 
4-6-1 腳掌腱膜炎Plantar fascitis
4-6-2 跟骨後黏液囊炎Retrocalcaneal bursitis
4-6-3 哈格倫氏變形 Haglunds’ deformity
 
4-7 前足部Forefoot
 
4-7-1 種子狀骨功能異常Sesamoid dysfunction
4-7-2 草地場地腳趾Turf toe
4-7-3 痛風 Gouty arthritis
4-7-4趾外翻 Hallux valgus
 
第5章 上臂,肘部,前臂Arm, elbow, forearm
 
5-0 基礎概論Basic science
 
5-1 骨及軟骨Bone & Cartilage
 
5-1-1 肘部:小聯盟肘Elbow: Little league elbow
5-1-2 肘部:骨折和脫臼Elbow: Fracture and dislocation
5-1-3 肘部:退化性關節炎Elbow: osteoarthritis(OA)
5-1-4 肘部:分離性骨軟骨炎 Elbow: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD)
5-1-5 肘部:類風濕性關節炎 Elbow: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
 
5-2 神經Nerve
 
5-2-1 肘部:肘部隧道症候群Elbow: Cubital tunnel syndrome
5-2-2 肘部:旋前肌症候群Elbow: Pronator syndrome
5-2-3 肘部:後骨間神經症候群Elbow: Posterior intereossous nerve syndrome
5-2-4 肘部:前骨間神經症候群Elbow: Anterior interosseous nerve syndrome
5-2-5 肘部:橈隧道症候群Elbow: Radial tunnel syndrome
 
5-3 肌肉和肌腱Muscle and Tendon
 
5-3-1 肘部:網球肘Elbow: Tennis elbow
5-3-2 肘部:高爾夫球肘Elbow: Golfer elbow
5-3-3 肘部:末端二頭肌扯裂Elbow: Distal biceps avulsion
5-3-4 肘部:末端三頭肌扯裂Elbow: Distal triceps avulsion
5-3-5 肘部:鷹嘴黏液囊炎Elbow: Olecranon bursitis
 
5-4 肘關節不穩定Elbow joint instability
 
5-4-1 肘部:內側側韌帶傷害Elbow:Medial collateral ligament injury
5-4-2 肘部:外側側韌帶傷害Elbow:Lateral collateral ligament injury
 
5-5 關節滑膜Synovium
 
5-5-1 肘部:滑膜軟骨增生症Elbow: Synovial chondromatosis
5-5-2 肘部:肘關節僵硬Elbow: Elbow stiffness
 
第6章 腕部及手部Wrist, and Hand
 
6-0 基礎概論Basic science
 
6-1 骨頭及軟骨Bone & Cartilage
 
6-1-1 腕部:退化性關節炎 Wrist: Osteoarthritis
6-1-2 腕部:三角纖維軟骨結構撕裂Wrist: Triangular fibrocartilage complex tear
6-1-3 腕部:尺骨腕部撞擊症候群Wrist: Ulnocarpal impaction syndrome
6-1-4 腕部:月狀骨壞死Wrist: Kienbock Disease
6-1-5 腕部:頭狀骨缺血性壞死Wrist: Capitate osteonecrosis
6-1-6 腕部:舟狀骨骨折Wrist: Scaphoid fracture
6-1-7 腕手部:骨折 Wrist and hand: Fracture
6-1-8 手部:脫臼 Hand: Dislocation
 
6-2 神經Nerve
 
6-2-1 腕部:腕隧道症候群Wrist: Carpal tunnel syndrome
6-2-2 腕部:蓋用式隧道症候群Wrist: Guyon canal syndrome
6-2-3 手部:保齡球員大拇指Hand: Bowler’s thumb
 
6-3 肌肉及肌腱Muscle and Tendon
 
6-3-1 腕部:隔夜症候群Wrist: Intersection syndrome
6-3-2 腕部:媽媽手Wrist: De Quervain disease
6-3-3 腕部:伸腕尺側肌半脫位Wrist: Extensor carpi ulnaris subluxation
6-3-4 手部:運動衫指Hand: Jersey finger
6-3-5 手部:鎚狀指 Mallet finger
6-3-6 手部:紐扣孔式傷害Hand: Boutonniere injury
6-3-7 手部:守球員大拇指Hand: Gamekeeper’s thumb
6-3-8 手部:屈腕尺側及橈側肌腱炎Hand: Flexor carpi ulnaris and radialis tendinitis
6-3-9 手部:伸拇指長肌腱鞘炎Hand: Extensor pollicis longu s tenosynovitis
6-3-10 手部:扳機指Hand: Trigger finger
6-3-11 腕部:腱鞘囊腫 Ganglion cyst
 
6-4 腕關節不穩定Wrist joint instability
 
6-4-1 腕部:不穩定Wrist: Instability
6-4-2 手部:韌帶傷害Hand: Ligament injury
 
第7章 背部及脊椎Back, and Spine
 
7-0 基礎醫學 Basic science
 
7-1 肌肉和肌腱 Muscle and tendon
 
7-1-1 下背肌拉傷 Back strain

7-2 椎間盤Intervertebral Disc

 
7-2-1 椎間盤環狀撕裂Annular Tear of Intervertebral Disc
7-2-2 椎間盤突出 Herniation of intervertebral disc
 
7-3 脊椎小面關節 Facet joint
 
7-3-1 脊椎小面關節症候群Facet Joint Syndrome
 
7-4 腰椎 Lumbar spine
 
7-4-1 脊椎滑脫Spondylolisthesis
7-4-2 脊椎分離症Spondylolysis
7-4-3 腰椎骨折Lumbar spine fracture
7-4-4 僵直性脊椎炎 Ankylosing spondylitis
7-4-5 脊椎狹窄症 Spinal stenosis syndrome
 
7-5 頸椎 Cervical Spine
 
7-5-1 頸椎椎間盤突出 Cervical HIVD
7-5-2 頸椎骨刺 Cervical spondylosis
7-5-3 頸椎骨折 Cervical fracture
7-5-4 頸椎脊椎狹窄症 Cervical stenosis syndrome
 
第8章 運動團隊醫療照顧Medical Care in Sports Team
 
8-1 運動醫療團隊Sports medical team
 
8-1-1 醫療團隊Medical team
 
8-2 訓練前評估Pre-participating evaluation
 
8-2-1 目的 Goal
8-2-2 方法 Method
8-2-3 結果Result
 
8-3 運動場上的照顧On-field care
 
8-3-1 平常訓練的醫療照顧 Medical care during Training
8-3-2 比賽時的醫療照顧Medical care during competition
 
8-4 禁藥問題Drug problems
 
8-4-1 國際奧會規定 Rules of International Olympic Committee
 
8-5 運動員猝死症Sudden death in Athletes
 
8-5-1 定義Definition
8-5-2 病因 Etiology
8-5-3 預防 Prevention
 
Mon, 07 Jan 2008 16:06
1-0 基礎概論
Basic Science of Knee Joint
Sun, 17 Aug 2003 00:00
1-1-1 半月板破裂
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-1-2 半月板囊腫
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-1-3 盤狀半月板
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-1-4 半月板切除後的問題
Post menisectomy problem
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-2-1 骨折
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-2-2 分離性骨軟骨炎
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD)
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-2-3 軟骨傷害
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-2-4 骨軟骨傷害
Osteochondral injury
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-2-5 退化性膝關節炎
Knee Osteoarthritis
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-2-7 骨腫瘤
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-2-8 膝關節反射交感性失養症
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy of knee (RSD)
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-2-8 膝關節缺血性壞死
Knee Osteonecrosis
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-3-1 色素性絨毛結節狀滑膜炎
Villonodular synovitis:PVS
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-3-2 滑液膜軟骨增生症
Synovial chondromatosis
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-3-3 滑膜皺襞症候群
Synovial plica syndrome
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-3-4 類風濕性關節炎
Rheumatoid arthritis
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-3-5 細菌性關節炎
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-3-6 痛風性關節炎
Sun, 17 Aug 2003 00:00
1-4-1 前十字韌帶傷害
Anterior cruciate ligament injury; ACL
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-4-2 後十字韌帶
Posterior cruciate ligament; PCL
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-4-3 內側側韌帶
Medial collateral ligament; MCL
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-4-4 外側側韌帶
Lateral collateral ligament; LCL
Fri, 21 Jan 2011 16:00
1-4-5 後外側組織傷害
Posterolateral complex injury
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-4-6 膝關節脫臼及多條韌帶傷害
Knee dislocation & multiple ligament injury
Sun, 17 Aug 2003 00:00
1-5-1 急性外傷性髕骨脫臼
Acute traumatic patellar dislocation
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-5-2 髕骨股骨關節炎
Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-5-3 前側脂肪墊症候群
Anterior fat pad syndrome
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-5-4 外側髕骨壓迫症候群
Lateral patellar compression syndrome
Sun, 24 Aug 2003 00:00
1-5-5 髕骨股骨關節不穩定
Patellofemoral instability